1. (a) Page 1
In May 2016, during Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s trip to Iran, agreement was signed to develop two terminals and five berths at Port of Chabahar and to build a new railway line between Chabahar and Zahedan, as part of North–South Transport Corridor, by Indian Railway’s public sector unit Ircon International
On February 17, 2018, Mr. Modi described Chabahar as the “golden gateway to Afghanistan and the Central Asian region.
2. (d ) Page 8
Varahamihira was an Indian astronomer, mathematician, and astrologer who lived in Ujjain. He was born in the Avanti region, roughly corresponding to modern-day Malwa, to Adityadasa, who was himself an astronomer. According to one of his own works, he was educated at Kapitthaka. He is considered to be one of the “Nine Jewels” (Navaratnas) of the court of legendary ruler Yashodharman Vikramaditya of Malwa.
Sushruta was an ancient Indian physician
Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu mentioned the name of both Personalities during his speech and praised their contributions to ancient India
3.(d) Page 9
The sex ratio at birth (SRB) saw a decline in 17 out of 21 large states of the country, with Gujarat recording an alarming dip of 53 points, a Niti Aayog report stated and stressed on the need to check sex-selective abortion. Gujarat is followed by Haryana, which registered a drop of 35 points, Rajasthan (32 points), Uttarakhand (27 points), Maharashtra (18 points), Himachal Pradesh (14 points), Chhattisgarh (drop of 12 points), and Karnataka (11 points), theHealthy States, Progressive India report states.
4.(c ) Page 15
The Tomar dynasty ruled from the 8th to the 11th century over the Delhi-Haryana region. Though their royal residence was in Lal Kot in Mehrauli, they built a city, a reservoir, and some fortifications in the area known even today as Anangpur or Anekpur after the first Tomar ruler, Anangpal I. It was Suraj Pal Tomar, in the 10th century, who built the huge water reservoir along with a sun temple on the western bank. (Anangpal Tomar II was succeeded by his grandson Prithviraj Chauhan. Firoz Shah Tughlaq, who was known to be a committed conservationist, ensured during his reign that the reservoir was repaired and restored. He rebuilt the steps and terraces with stones.
5.(b ) Page 2 of Section 2
The mangroves of Indian Sundarbans has been highlighted in a ‘State of Art Report on Biodiversity in Indian Sundarbans’ published by World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). The India State of Forest Report (SFR) 2017 published recently has revealed that the mangrove cover in the country has increased by 181 sq. km. But the Indian Sundarbans that comprise almost 43% of total mangrove cover have shown only a marginal rise of 8 sq. km., at 2,114 sq. km. from 2,106 sq.km. in the 2015 SFR report
The publication reveals that along with climate change, the mangroves are threatened by habitat degradation due to industrial pollution and human disturbance, fuel-wood collection and lack of any high elevation spaces for the mangrove species to regenerate and thrive
World Wide Fund For Nature’ s Head quarter is in Switzerland.
6.(c ) Name of Navigation system Related to
1 Glonass Russia
2 Galileo Europe
3 Beidou China
7.( b) Page 1 of magazine section of the Hindu.
The Tibetan antelope or chiru is a medium-sized bovid native to the Tibetan plateau and near threaten species They are hunted for their soft and warm wool which is usually obtained after death. This wool is known as shahtoosh and is used to weave shawls. At present, international trade in their products is strictly prohibited